Although it has been many years in the making, the Integrated Public Alert and Warning System (IPAWS) recently began active roll out as the nation's warning system of the future. In concept, IPAWS will give national, state, regional, and local government entities with public safety responsibilities the ability to broadcast geographically targeted warnings and alerts using the full spectrum of modern communications and media systems. In addition to approaches we have known in the past like sirens, the Emergency Alert System (EAS), and NOAA Weather Radio, IPAWS will introduce new and integrated sub-systems designed for technologies that barely existed 20 years ago - like cell phones. To help you understand the significant and far-reaching changes that will be taking place, the 5:00 video below may be helpful:
Additional resources for understanding the changes going forward include:
- FEMA's IPAWS Home Page
- FEMA’s Emergency Management Institute Independent Study Course, IS-247.a Integrated Public Alert and Warning System
One of the IPAWS sub-systems that recently began introduction is the Commercial Mobile Alert System (CMAS), also known as Personal Localized Alerting Network (PLAN). CMAS will be used to deliver Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) to cell phone customers without having to rely on normal text and communication channels. WEA's will be sent using uniquely structured 90 character text messages that will come in one of three different versions:
- Presidential Alerts - Alerts issued by the President or a designee,
- AMBER Alerts - Alerts that meet the U.S. Department of Justice’s criteria to help law enforcement search for and locate an abducted child, and
- Imminent Threat Alerts - Alerts that include severe man-made or natural disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, etc., where an imminent threat to life or property exists (warnings typically generated by NOAA’s National Weather Service).
- Wireless Emergency Alerts on Your Mobile Device (CTIA)
- Example Wireless Carrier CMAS Fact Sheet (Sprint)
- Geo-targeted All Hazard Alerts Coming to Millions of Mobile Devices (Michael Gerber, NOAA/NWS)
Comment: Lots to chew on in the above if you haven't heard about IPAWS or CMAS before. If that is the case, the Michael Gerber, NOAA/NWS presentation that runs from 2:40 - 31:40 at the link immediately above and is probably the best single reference - especially if you are interested in knowing how NOAA alerts can be be pulled into mapping applications. Also worth noting: Minnesota's Homeland Security and Emergency Management Division has been sponsoring an IPAWS work group since the start of the year. Go here to learn more.